The introduction of 5G in the year 2019 totally revolutionized the economy and the computational environment. In this drastically changing environment, new, advanced innovations are on the rise and 5G is one of them. 5G is a powerful enabling technology that is driving change in the Internet of Things (IoT). It leverages edge computing to make IoT more efficient and productive. Now without further ado, let’s dive straight into this and find out what 5G has got in store for IoT and edge computing.
Is 5G the Driving Change Of IoT?
As powerful as it may seem, 5G is one of the leading technological advancements the tech world has to offer for us today. And when it comes to IoT, 5G actually plays a brilliant role in upbringing. The anecdote of 5G is the communication among two unalterable forces: the growth in deeply reliable, high-bandwidth communications, and the fast spread of convenient computing power throughout the network. Moreover, endpoint devices that connect to the network are also getting smarter and more compelling.
The frequently changing and persuasive computational environment begins to remodel their networks for 5G will stimulate the uptake of IoT applications and services throughout the industry. We assume that 5G will facilitate innovative use cases in virtual inspection, remote monitoring, and autonomous operations in large-scale remote areas such as mines, connected vehicles, and more. 5G is a new model of a communication system that aims to improve wireless connection worldwide, with the help of a new core network and New Radio 5GR network. When considering IoT-enabled devices, 5G combines more devices at greater speeds. It also helps in not lagging at all. Therefore, 5G generates an excellent user experience regardless of what device, application, or service you touch.
Is 5G Powerful Enough to Leverage Edge Computing?
The 5G-enabled edge computing delivers both lower latency and higher bandwidth than today’s LTE and 4G networks.
- The enhanced bandwidth facilitates more data to be transmitted during a particular, given period of time. As an outcome of this improved capacity, the usage of video sensors and video data streaming are assumed to considerably improve, encouraging broader use of unmanned (drone and robotic) maneuvers and monitoring applications.
- The time that takes for lower latency of 5G for data to enter its destination will enable us to answer to data more promptly. While the common latency of a 4G connection is 50–100 milliseconds, the equivalent latency for a 5G connection could be 10ms or less.
- The more extended bandwidth and lower latency of 5G will, in turn, facilitate the range of applications that use edge computing. The computational work is close to where data is being produced and actions are taken.
Does 5G Make IoT More Effective and Efficient?
Now let’s take a look at how 5G accelerates IoT-
● Virtual Inspection-
The low latency of 5G helps to enable the visual inspection of operating assets and the production line in the manufacturing sector. Cameras can capture images as products roll down the line, this is when we take product quality as an example. Afterward, these images are analyzed by AI’s to spot quality problems or defects. 5G also allows factories to efficiently add wireless sensors and equipment which can connect instantly to the 5G network without the need for lengthy wiring or local IT equipment.
● Remote Inspection-
Most technicians must deal with the maintenance of equipment that’s inaccessible or tough to access. Transformers, utility poles, and other equipment in the energy grid are spread over thousands of miles but require to be constantly examined and controlled in order to dodge service disruptions.
● Buildings and Facility Management-
5G will allow more effortless connectivity of sensors in buildings to stimulate new solutions for energy performance, occupancy management, and visitor involvement.
This is also true for larger facilities that require greater monitoring such as airports, schools, and malls.
With the help of 5G, drones will autonomously inspect crops in the field applying visual analytics operating near the edge to evaluate factors including pest control and growth rates. Thus, information could benefit farmers to optimize harvest time and other interventions.
● Shipping and Logistics-
5G also helps in the tracking and monitoring of large numbers of shipments and shipping containers, implementing more accurate control and predictability over supply chain logistics.
As the days go by, new technological advancements are on the rise, as well as services such as IoT services are coming into the field with great speed. The 5G network facilitates new sets of pricing models with more comprehensive adoption of wireless connectivity in a wide variety of IoT applications.